Raw honey is honey that has been extracted directly from the hive without the addition of any additives or processing. It is extracted from hive honeycombs and then strained to remove impurities such as beeswax and dead bees.
Commercial honey production, on the other hand, entails several additional steps such as pasteurisation and ultrafiltration. High temperatures are used to make honey smoother, but this degenerates many of the beneficial enzymes found in honey. Another process that further refines honey to make it more transparent and smooth is ultrafiltration, which strips the honey of pollen and other beneficial nutrients, making it extremely difficult to trace the source of the honey.
To meet the increasing demand for honey, commercial producers have been discovered to combine honey and sugar syrup. A large amount of this fake honey is imported into the UK from various countries, and it is frequently labeled as "a blend of non-EU honey" or "a blend of EU and non-EU honey," making it impossible for the consumer to determine the source.